The wheat straw painting is a distinctive folk handicraft in China. As a treasure of China’s folk art, it originated from the Sui Dynasty, prospered in the Tang and Song Dynasties and gained popularity in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The wheat straw painting, which is processed using modern technologies, combines a variety of art forms such as Chinese painting, printing, paper cutting, lacquer painting and oil painting, demonstrating a subtle artistic conception. It integrates modern elements into the traditional folk craft and uses vibrant colors to complement the natural color of wheat straw, which, combined with the red and black under painting, delivers a striking and generous appearance. The exquisite, brightly colored and vivid wheat straw painting brings a back-to-nature artistic enjoyment. It has earned a good reputation in the art community and is highly popular both in and out of China for its unique artistic style and exquisite making process. It is regarded as a national treasure of China’s folk art.